.: Trade of MFP

 

The NWFP can be broadly classified as nationalized and non-nationalized forest produce.

 

.: Nationalized MINOR Forest Produce

 

              Nationalized Minor Forest Produce are the one for which the trade monopoly lies with the state government or its authorized agent CG MFP Federation. The collection and sale of nationalized forest produce is done by  CG MFP Federation only. The Federation sells the collected produce through tenders and auctions on behalf of the state govt. The state monopoly has been created to ensure payment of appropriate  price to the rural collectors of forest produce. Tendu leaves, Sal seed, Harra and Gums (grade I & II)  are the Nationalized non-wood forest produce in the state. Chhattisgarh Tendu Leaves (Vyapar Viniyaman) Adhiniyam, 1964 and the rules made there under regulate the trade of tendu leaves and Chhattisgarh Vanopaj (Vyapar Viniyaman) Adhiniyam, 1969 and the rules made thereunder regulate trade of Sal seed, Harra & Gums (grade I & II).


Tendu Leaves

         Chhattisgarh is a pioneer State of India, producing the best quality Tendu (Diasporas melonoxylon) leaves. The Tendu leaves are used as Beedi (cheap cigarette) wrappers. The production of Tendu leaves in Chhattisgarh is approximately 16.44 lacs standard bags annually, which is nearly 20% of the total Tendu leaves production of the country. One standard bag of Tendu leaves in Chhattisgarh comprises of 1000 bundles of 50 leaves each. The collection season is from third week  of April to last week of May. The collection season starts earlier in the Southern part of the state in comparison to Northern part of the state.

          The Chhattisgarh Govt. took a major policy decision in 2004 that instead of selling godowned leaves sell the leaves in advance to the purchaser. However the collection of leaves and the payment of the collection wages to the pluckers will be done by the primary co-operative society only. Green leaves will be handed over at the collection centre to the purchaser appointed in advance of collection. The purchaser will treat the leaves at collection centre, transport and store in his godowns or the godowns of Forest Department/Federation. The purchaser will make the payment of the purchase price in four equal installments. After implementation of this policy, in the first year 2004, Federation disposed 73% of total quantity in advance. In the collection year 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012, 100% quantity has been sold in advance to the purchasers. More over the average sale rates are also increasing every year. In nut shell the change in the trade of Tendu leaf policy has brought good results. 

 

 

Tendu Leaves Collection and Trade Practices

 

         The entire area of collection is divided into different units.

         These units are sold in advance through tenders and auctions by MFP Federation, Raipur .

         The funds for various operations are made available to the District Unions by the state level M.F.P. Federation. The District Unions provide funds for procurement to the Primary Societies.

         The leaves collected by collectors are purchased by the Phad Munshi of Primary Society at every collection centre. One employee of Forest or other Govt. Department works as Phad Abhirakshak at each collection centre.

         Each family is given a collectors card. The daily collection of the plucker is entered in the card by Phad Munshi. The payment of collection charges of leaves is made weekly and the entry of the payment is made in the card.

         The collection of leaves and the payment of the collection wages to the pluckers is done by    
the Primary Co-operative Society only.

         Green leaves are handed over at the collection centres  to the purchaser appointed in advance   
of collection.

         The purchaser treats the leaves at collection centres, transports and stores in his godowns or the godowns of Forest Department/ Federation.

         The purchaser makes the payment of the purchase price in four equal installments.

         The security deposit is 25% of the contract amount, minimum 10% in cash and balance in the  
form of Bank Guarantee.

         The processing, transport and storage of leaves in units unsold in advance are also done by primary cooperative societies and the District Union.

         The District administration is fully involved in the collection.

 

The collection and sale of Tendu leaves in last twelve years is given in the following table.

 

 

Year

Collected Quantity (Lakh Standard Bags)

Collection Wages (Rs. Crores)

  Sale Value  
(Rs. Crores)

2001

16.67

75.53

165.22

2002

19.58

88.92

198.71

2003

18.12

82.18

173.25

2004

18.86

84.92

148.50

2005

14.92

67.17

135.06

2006

14.72

66.31

140.02

2007

17.18 

85.96

325.59

2008

13.79 

82.77

197.61

2009

14.67 

95.33

256.41

2010

15.45 

108.15

335.30

2011

13.57 

108.52

355.31

2012

17.15 

188.66

646.90

 

 

Sal Seed

            Sal seed is obtained from the species shorea robusta, and contains 13-14% of oil. The oil is used as a substitute of cocoa butter and also in confectionaries and eatables. The oil cake remaining after oil extraction contains 10-12% of protein and is used as high protein chicken feed. It is also used as organic manure in agriculture. The production of Sal seed varies too much from year to year. Collection season lasts from May 15 to July 15 each year.

 

 

 

 

 

Sal Seed Collection and Trade Practices

 

 

 

 

         The entire area of collection is divided into different units. 

         These units are sold in advance through tenders and auctions by MFP Federation, Raipur.

         The funds for collection of the sal seed are made available to the District Unions by the state level M.F.P. Federation. The District Unions provide funds for procurement to the Primary Societies.

         The Sal seed collected by collectors are purchased an bagged by the Phad Munshi of Primary Society at every collection centre.

         Each family is given a collectors card. The daily collection of the collector is entered in the card by Phad Munshi. The payment of collection charges of seeds is made weekly and the entry of the payment is made in the card.

         The collection of Sal seed and the payment of the collection wages to the collector is done by the Primary Co-operative Society only.

         The purchaser is required to deposit the 20% of the sale value calculated on the basis of notified quantity in the tender notice as security deposit.

         The Managing Director, District Union informs regularly the purchaser about the collected quantity of Sal seed at different collection centres.

         The purchaser takes delivery of the Sal seed from different collection centres after paying the sale value including taxes.

         If the purchaser fails to take delivery of the collected Sal seed timely then he is liable to pay the supervision charges @ Rs. 0.50 per qtl. per day.

         After taking the delivery of Sal seed the purchaser is free to transport the Sal seed to the desired destination for processing.

         The collection rate for Salseed is Rs. 750/- per quintal for the year 2013.

The collected Sal seed in the units unsold in advance is transported from collection centres to the permanent godowns by the District Union.The godowned quantity of Sal seed is disposed off by tenders /auctions by MFP Federation, Raipur.

 

 

 

 

The collection and sale of Sal seed in past twelve years is given in the following table.

 

 

 

 

 

Year

Collected Quantity (Lac Qtls.)

Collection wages
(Rs. Crores)

Sale Value
(Rs. Crores)

2001

4.77

15.28

19.60

2002

1.38

4.84

7.95

2003

8.55

42.74

21.80

2004

1.25

6.24

5.35

2005

9.24

46.22

30.56

2006

0.488

2.44

3.59

2007

6.06

30.32

59.09

2008

0.899

8.99

12.64 *

2009

8.864

88.64

51.07

2010

1.34

6.72

6.76

2011

0.392

2.94

3.74 **

2012

7.13

35.72

44.89

* 42.35 quintals of 2008 season are balance for sale as on 30/06/2013.

** 13.84 quintals of 2011 season are balance for sale as on 30/06/2013.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HARRA
           
 Harra popularly known as myrobolan is fruit obtained from the species Terminalia chebula. Harra is used in tannin and Pharma Industries. It is one of the ingredients of Triphala powder prescribed in the Ayurvedic prescriptions. The approximate potential production of Harra in the state is about 60,000 qtl/year but production of Harra varies from year to year.

 

 

 

 

 

Harra Collection and Trade Practices

 

 

 

 

         The entire area of collection is divided into different units. 

         These units are sold in advance through tenders and auctions by MFP Federation, Raipur to facilitate the collection of Harra.

         The purchaser is required to deposit the 10% of the sale value, calculated on the basis of notified quantity in the tender notice, as security deposit.

         The collection charges to the collectors at collection centres are paid by the purchaser at the rate fixed by the Govt.

         The collection rates for Harra is Rs. 800/- per qtl., for Kacharia Rs. 1600/- per qtl. & for Bal Harra Rs. 2800/- per qtl. for the year 2012-13.

         After making the payment to the collectors of the collection charge and the difference amount of sale rate and collection rate in the District Union, the purchaser is allowed to transport the collected Harra wherever he desires.

         The collection and payment to the collectors in units unsold in advance is done by Primary Societies through Phad Munshies and transportation to the permanent godowns is done by District Union.

         The godowned quantity of Harra is disposed off by tenders/auctions by M.F.P. Federation Raipur.

 

 

 

 

The collection and sale of Harra in the past twelve years is given in the following table.

 

 

 

 

 

Year

Collected Quantity (Qtls.)

Collection Wages
(Rs. Lakhs)

Sale Value
(Rs. Lakhs)

Balance Quantity for Sale
(In Qntls.)

2001-02

60634.45

181.90

150.74

---

2002-03

85264.86

213.16

216.32

---

2003-04

63085.63

157.71

167.50

---

2004-05

60606.48

151.52

153.68

185.325

2005-06

44116.75

110.29

118.64

4.000

2006-07

59904.615

149.76

166.45

114.510

2007-08

42535.30

116.97

144.57

5.000

2008-09

49651.86

186.19

215.06

---

2009-10

33159.55

124.35

137.44

5.00

2010-11

16343.76

73.55

98.04

---

2011-12

71490.28

714.90

553.83

17686.85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GUMS (Grade-I and Grade-II )

         Gums are primarily categorized as Grade-I and Grade-II gums. Kullu (Sterculia urens) gum which is used in edible items, chewing gum etc. is in Grade-I while gums from Dhawda (Anogeisus latifolia), Babool (Acacia indica) and Khair (Acacia catechu) are Grade-II gums. The annual production of Gum varies too much from year to year.

 

 

 

 

 

Gum Collection and Trade Practices

 

 

 

 

         The collection of Kullu Gum is prohibited in the state except in Bastar, Kanker and Jagdalpur Districts of the State.

         The entire area of collection is divided into different units.

         These units are sold in advance through tenders and auctions by MFP Federation, Raipur to facilitate the collection of Gum.

         The purchaser is required to deposit the 10% of the sale value, calculated on the basis of notified quantity in the tender notice, as security deposit.

         The collection charges to the collectors at collection centres are paid by the purchaser at the rate fixed by the Govt.

         The collection rate for Kullu Gum is Rs. 27000/- per Qtl. for grade I and for grade II Rs. 20250/- per qntl., for Dhawada Rs. 2900/- per per qntl. & for Khair and Babool Rs. 1740/- per qtl. for the year 2012-13.

         After making the payment to the collectors of the collection charges and and the difference amount of sale rate and collection rate in the District Union, the purchaser is allowed to transport the collected Gum wherever he desires.

         The collection, transport, storage and disposal of Gum in units unsold in advance is done as in the case of Harra.

 

 

 

 

The collection and sale of Gums in past twelve years is given in the following table.

 

 

 

 

 

Year

Quantity Collected (Qtls.)

Collection Wages 
(Rs. Lakhs)

Sale Value 
(Rs. Lakhs)

Kullu Gum

2001-02

247.52

12.38

13.17

2002-03

494.60

24.73

24.99

2003-04

1058.60

52.93

54.68

2004-05

1283.07

82.12

85.06

2005-06

676.795

62.70

68.37

2006-07

435.84

58.61

65.43

2007-08

1076.596

149.43

151.53

2008-09

864.190

133.06

140.01

2009-10

1750.135

297.48

313.33

2010-11

389.68

85.73

105.34

2011-12

138.50

37.40

53.79

 

 

Dhawda/Khair/Babul Gums

2001-02

1196.12

27.89

16.11

2002-03

904.23

16.74

17.52

2003-04

403.53

7.60

8.02

2004-05

742.16

12.33

13.34

2005-06

145.00

2.38

2.75

2006-07

141.58

2.89

3.27

2007-08

306.00

5.10

5.90

2008-09

560.00

11.39

12.21

2009-10

619.25

14.40

19.49

2010-11

26.74

0.74

1.78

2011-12

64.50

1.87

3.07

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax Structure in Chhattisgarh

The purchaser of minor forest product is supposed to pay the different taxes mentioned in the table bellow :-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TYPE AND RATE OF TAX & CESS

TENDU LEAVES

SAL SEED

OTHER NATIONALISED
N.W.F.P.

Forest Development Cess

3 %

3 %

3 %

V.A.T. on sale value and FDC

25 %

4 %

5 %

Entry Tax

--

1 %

--

Income-Tax

  5 %

  2.5 %

  2.5 %

 

 

 

 

.: Non-Nationalized Non-Wood Forest Produce

 

 

 

 

Content Provided By "Chhattisgarh State Minor Forest Produce Co-Operative Federation Ltd."
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